Medical Waste Sterilization Equipment
The development of the health sector over the last 50 years has contributed to the development and start-up of many areas, perhaps not expected by anyone.This contribution, which is starting from the pharmaceutical sector to the company that produces many medical devices, is perhaps the most important way to regulate medical waste and to make the wastes partly recycled.
Medical Waste Equipment and Facilities
Medical wastes are generally categorized as wastes that are too much processed. For this reason, a careful and healthy operation is a priority. Medical waste companies serve in the process of sterilization of these wastes collected from hospitals.
The municipalities have their own waste facilities as well as private enterprises that operate them. The collection of medical wastes from hospitals and clinics and their recycling is an important process in terms of public health. Cutting and drilling tools used by health institutions during their operations are important because of their direct impact on environmental health and high risk of carryover.
Medical waste sterilization equipment is a device that processes sterilization and harmless waste types that are generally not recyclable with recycling operations in general. One of the basic principles in waste management is to minimize the amount of hazardous and domestic wastes. This is a very important process in order to avoid environmental problems caused by medical waste. Just in Istanbul , in 2015, 17,307 tons of medical waste was sterilized within one day. This number is increasing thanks to investments made every day and many medical waste sterilization facilities. In addition, these facilities not only do not sterilize, but also collect waste from many places and serve as a medical waste center.
Medical Waste Sterilization
Medical wastes are generally divided into pathological wastes, infectious wastes and cutting wastes, which threaten human health. The most dangerous and most important type of waste is the type of infected waste. When spreading directly, it requires serious care in order to posit a serious threat to public health. Infected wastes constitute 15% of all wastes and 20% of the total is dangerous and 5% of them produce radioactive, mycotoxic and cytotoxic wastes. The primary goal of medical waste sterilization equipment is to target infected wastes. In pathological waste, many factors can occur. In the wake of such initiatives of the operator, the values of countries and societies, ethical and religious issues are also involved. Because sterilization can not be done on chemical or toxic wastes, disinfection is applied by insineration operation. Especially since radioactive wastes are dangerous to the environment they must be carefully sterilized. Application is made according to the principles applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency and Turkey Atomic Energy Agency.
How are Medical Wastes Destroyed?
There are many different methods of sterilization and destruction for medical waste. The first of these is the burning method. It is envisaged that between 1000-1200 ° C, the volume of waste treated by burning will decrease by 95% and decrease by 70% by mass. The gases formed as a result of combustion are filtered and controlled. Devices that dispose of medical waste have different functions. In radioactive and pharmacological wastes, insineration process is applied and in radioactive wastes processes are applied such as encapsulation or embedding. It is very important to destroy medical wastes in order to destroy all kinds of microbial life (bacteria, spores) and reduce the level of these microorganisms by 99.99%. The destruction of medical waste is also very important in terms of public health.